Setting up A Saltwater Aquarium08/22/2014
|Types of Fish||Location (in home or Office)||Filtration|
|Types of Corals||Size||Powerhead|
|Types of Invertebrates||Glass or Acrylic||Return Pump|
|Live Rock||Canopy||Heater and Thermometer|
|Live Foods||Refugium||Protein Skimmer|
|Marine Plants UV Sterilizer||UV Sterilizer|
- Make Sure the aquarium’s location is structurally strong enough to hold the aquarium.
- One gallon of water weighs eight pounds.
- Put the stand in place and level it, being sure to leave clearance for equipment and plumbing.
- Make Sure the location does not receive direct sunlight. This could cause allergy
- outbreak problems.
- •If your system has a sump or wet-dry filter, It will be much easier to install it before the aquarium is on the stand.
- Place the aquarium on the stand and recheck to see that the aquarium is level.
- Install the Aquarium Heater.
- Install Power Heads.
- Install the overflow and it’s components. If you are using a hang on the back filter skip the following steps.
- Install the overflow plumbing from the aquarium to the sump and /or wet-dry filter.
- Install filter media in the sump and or wet-dry filter.
- Install the return pump and plumbing.
- Install protein skimmer in the sump.
- Check, tighten and seal all of the aquarium’s plumbing.
- Fill the aquarium, sump and/or wet-dry filter with freshwater.
- Prime aquarium’s overflow.
- Plug in all aquarium equipment.
- Monitor system operation for leaks.
- Adding the substrate is pretty straight forward.
- It takes about 2-3 days for water to become clear, after adding substrate.
- Follow the manufacture instructions when adding the sea salt mix to the aquarium.
- Most sea salt mixes use 1/2 cup per gallon of water.
- Adding the salt mix to high flow areas will increase the dissolve rate.
- Target range for salinity for a saltwater aquarium is 1.022 - 1.026 Specific Gravity (S.G.)
- 1-2 pounds of live rock per gallon of aquarium, is a good rule of thumb for most saltwater aquarium applications.
- Preplan your aquascape prior to adding rock to the aquarium. • Avoid creating dead spots with your aquascape, keep it open and allow water to flow freely.
- When organic matter breaks down in an aquarium it releases ammonia (very toxic to livestock) into in the water.
- Beneficial bacteria start to grow and consumes the ammonia and release nitrite (very toxic to livestock) as a byproduct.
- Then more beneficial bacteria starts to grow and consumes the nitrite and releases nitrate as a byproduct. Nitrate is less toxic (at low levels 10ppm or less) to the aquarium’s livestock.
- The aquarium is cycled.
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